[討論]英文寫作心得與建議..........

[討論]英文寫作心得與建議..........

台灣英語網1.0 » 週四 9月 17, 2015 2:47 am

基本上, 英文寫作和中文作文都是一樣, 只是用不同的語言表達. 其中主要的不同在於: 文化及思維上的差異. 這些差異要克服需要花一點時間, 沒有速成的方式, 只有不斷的學習與吸收.

英文寫作 (written English, 或所謂 writing) 比口語 (spoken English) 較注重文法及正式的用法. 所以, 基本文法要扎實, 寫作時自然游刃有餘.
以下是一些寫作的建議, 分享給大家.

1. 寫作時, 每個段落首句要空 5 spaces. 句與句間要 2 spaces.

2. 簡單句其實就是最好的寫法. 不要有太多的贅語.

3. 寫作的對象, 目的及形式:
Audience: Who are you writing to?
Purpose: Why are you writing?
Form: What will the finished piece of writing look like?
若為書信, 對象則可寫: “Dear Sir/Madam,” 或對象不明確時, “To whom it may concern”

4. 內容架構: 整篇文章, 段落的安排. 如果你是要說故事, 則內容依時間順序排列; 若是闡述事件或人, 則可採空間/地點的方式. 下列有幾種方式可採用:
• Chronological (by time)
• Spatial description (by location)
• Classification (by category)
• Illustration (by example)
• Argumentation (assertion and support)
• Cause/Effect
• Problem/Solution
• Comparison/Contrast (whole vs. whole or point by point)

5. 正式和非正式用法:
數字的寫法: 可以用既有的英文字代表的數字. 例: 1 = one; 100 = one hundred; 1,000,000 = one million
數字寫法較長者, 以數字表示. 如: two hundred and one = 201; forty-seven point five = 47.5
日期寫法: 正確寫法 � July 19, 2001 或 20 May 2001
不要使用縮寫或簡稱 abbr: 以 cannot, will not, should not 取代 can’t, won’t, shouldn’t. 以 United States, February, television, California 取代 U.S., Feb., TV, CA……
*** 除非有此縮寫必要, ex. 給朋友/家人間一般書信.
其他可參考 http://www.learningpoint.org/webapps/po ... ab_id=_9_1 (美國加州某學區的 writing 學習網站, 請進入: Teaching & Learning 單元)

6. 儘量使用主動的句型取代被動式 (very important): ex. “I was taught by my parents to have a good manner.” 最好用 “My parents taught me to have a good manner.”

7. 標點符號的使用:
兩個獨立子句且以 “and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet” 連接時: ex. I am going to school, and he is going to work.
或無連接詞/ 無 “and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet” 時, 可以分號連接: ex. He often watched TV when there were only reruns; she preferred to read instead.
另一用法 however, ex. He often watched TV when there were only reruns; however, she preferred to read instead.

8. 繼續努力 k 英文, 多吸收一些習慣用法.

經常會混淆的字請參考:
http://www.edufind.com/English/writing/ ... _words.cfm
其他可參考的網站:
http://www.utoronto.ca/writing/advise.html#grammer
http://aflc.must.edu.tw/elink.htm
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Re: [討論]英文寫作心得與建議..........

台灣英語網1.0 » 週四 9月 17, 2015 2:47 am

謝謝妳! Mayflower
What a kind person, Mayflower, and thank you so much. I am so kind of like you being one of these helpful people in English.com.tw to help those having problems in English. I personal show the deep appreciation to you.
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Re: [討論]英文寫作心得與建議..........

台灣英語網1.0 » 週四 9月 17, 2015 2:47 am

I get help from many people, too. I just share what I have learned, and the rest is up to you. I admire you for trying very hard to write in English. Keep on writing and practicing. "Rome was not built in one day." Maybe your hardworking will make it faster.

Cheers!
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Re: [討論]英文寫作心得與建議..........

台灣英語網1.0 » 週四 9月 17, 2015 2:47 am

謝謝 Mayflower 分享英文寫作心得
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Re: [討論]英文寫作心得與建議..........

台灣英語網1.0 » 週四 9月 17, 2015 2:47 am

非常感謝mayflower的心得分享, 獲益良多
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Re: [討論]英文寫作心得與建議..........

台灣英語網1.0 » 週四 9月 17, 2015 2:47 am

謝謝你的分享^_^
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