[提問]of which

[提問]of which

台灣英語網1.0 » 週五 8月 21, 2015 12:55 am

The Egyptians and Chinese which long ago had become highly civilized, had learnt a great deal, and must probably have known some things of which we are still ignorant.

1) 為什麼要用of which呢?
2) 在其他什麼狀況下需要用of which 呢?
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Re: [提問]of which

台灣英語網1.0 » 週五 8月 21, 2015 12:55 am

你斷句錯誤。

原句是:
引文:
In this way we find that as far back as history goes men have always had some knowledge of the facts of nature; those nations, like the Egyptians and Chinese, which long ago had become highly civilized, had learnt a very great deal, and must probably have known some things of which we are still ignorant.


分號前後各為完整句子。
第二句的主詞是 [those nations],不是 [the Egyptians and Chinese]。

> 為什麼要用of which呢?

=> Those nations must probably have known some things of which we are still ignorant.

which => some things
介系詞 of 跟 ignorant 是一組的,「be ignorant of」是慣用搭配詞。
=> we are ignorant of [which]

-----

分號後的句子基本上是由兩個句子結合的

=> Those nations must probably have known some things, and we are still ignorant of those things.

those things 跟 some things 是同一個東西,所以可以以關係代名詞 which 結合兩句。

=> Those nations must probably have known some things which we are still ignorant of.

而這樣的寫法比較不正式(與 ignorant 搭配的介系詞放在句子最後);
書上的寫法比較正式(把該介系詞提前至 which 之前)。

參考: preposition + relative pronoun
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Re: [提問]of which

台灣英語網1.0 » 週五 8月 21, 2015 12:55 am

.....must probably have known some things of which we are still ignorant.
= .....must probably have known some things which we are still ignorant of.
介系詞可放在關代前面,也可和述語一起。
所以你問何時用of which是不恰當的。
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Re: [提問]of which

台灣英語網1.0 » 週五 8月 21, 2015 12:56 am

ignorant of......用of which 结构的地方,显然和动词的搭配有关系.
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