[提問]兩個主詞補語同時出現有可能嗎?

[提問]兩個主詞補語同時出現有可能嗎?

台灣英語網1.0 » 週四 8月 20, 2015 1:44 am

同一個句子�面會出現兩個主詞補語嗎,
They are both in bed with flu. in bed和with flu是同時用作主詞they的補語?
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Re: [提問]兩個主詞補語同時出現有可能嗎?

台灣英語網1.0 » 週四 8月 20, 2015 1:44 am

in bed在本句是"地點", 用來指出they的所在位置,是地方副詞(片語) 不是補語.

They are both in bed with flu.
= They are both in bed because of having flu.
= They are both in bed suffering from flu.


with
4. because of a particular feeling or physical state:
Mother became seriously ill with pneumonia.
http://www.ldoceonline.com/
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Re: [提問]兩個主詞補語同時出現有可能嗎?

台灣英語網1.0 » 週四 8月 20, 2015 1:44 am

引文: ...in bed在本句是"地點", 用來指出they的所在位置,是地方副詞(片語) 不是補語.
In my humble opinion, I think "in bed" here is a subject complement.
A prepositional phrase can act as either an adverb or an adjective. And I suppose "in bed" here is an adjective instead of an adverb. We also know an adjective is typically one of the parts of speech which can form the subject complements.
(I must say I could be wrong!)
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Re: [提問]兩個主詞補語同時出現有可能嗎?

台灣英語網1.0 » 週四 8月 20, 2015 1:44 am

Let's see if there's a "third" opinion.

Cheers,
Yu-Hua
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Re: [提問]兩個主詞補語同時出現有可能嗎?

台灣英語網1.0 » 週四 8月 20, 2015 1:44 am

引文: 同一個句子�面會出現兩個主詞補語嗎?

讀了一下手邊僅有的兩本文法書, 我覺得 "一個句子是可以有兩個主詞補語".

Ex. That little (C1) girl (s. 主詞) is happy (C2).
C1 與 C2 都是 adj. 用來形容 "girl" (s.), 為主詞補語


我也覺得 in bed 在此為 "地方副詞".

不過歡迎指正! ~~
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Re: [提問]兩個主詞補語同時出現有可能嗎?

台灣英語網1.0 » 週四 8月 20, 2015 1:44 am

請問with flu可以看成是主詞they的補語嗎?
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Re: [提問]兩個主詞補語同時出現有可能嗎?

台灣英語網1.0 » 週四 8月 20, 2015 1:44 am

引文: in bed 在此為 "地方副詞".
如果是修飾一般動詞,是典型的地方副詞沒錯,如:They lay in bed.
但是'They are both in bed'裡面的'are'是的連綴動詞,'in bed'是用來補充說明主詞的狀況,所以是主詞補語。

(* http://www.gpc.edu/~cschroen/MGF/COMP/C ... hrases.htm)
Prepositional phrases may not function as subjects, but they certainly may function as subject complements. In the sentence " The food is on the table," the prepositional phrase " on the table" functions as a complement of the subject "food." In a similar manner, in the sentence "He could be in the garage," the prepositional phrase "in the garage" functions as a complement of the subject "He." In each case, the equation is clearly established. In the first sentence the equation is "food = on the table"; in the second, the equation is "He = in the garage."

(* http://www.gpc.edu/~cschroen/MGF/COMP/C ... NE-NEW.htm)
The subject-verb-complement structure (SVC) is one of the most common in English. Sentences with subject complements abound in written as well as verbal communication. Therefore, in this section subject complements are our focus. In particular we address one question: What can function as a subject complement in a sentence in English? In other words, what grammatical units may function as subject complements in clauses and sentences in English? In this section are examples of each grammatical unit that may function as a subject complement in a clause or sentence in English. The grammatical units included here are: common nouns, proper nouns, pronouns, adjectives, gerunds, infinitives, infinitives with question words, noun clauses, quotations, prepositional phrases, and adverbial clauses. Click on any of the links below to see a brief explanation of that grammatical unit, to see several example sentences, and to access explanations of each of the example sentences

(* http://www.epochtimes.com/b5/5/5/28/n936405.htm)
主詞補語SC一般有形容詞(Adj.)、名詞(N.)和介係詞片語(Prep.ph.)三種。…….. I’m in the school.(我在學校裡)Jeff is in the office.(傑夫在辦公室裡) My mother is in the kitchen. (我母親在廚房裡)The cat is on the table.(那隻貓在桌上),這些就是S+V+Prep.ph.。
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Re: [提問]兩個主詞補語同時出現有可能嗎?

台灣英語網1.0 » 週四 8月 20, 2015 1:44 am

Oooops! I think I forgot the linking verb, "are", and thanks for your detail explanation. :)

There was a similar thread posted by Caocao00, too. :)

http://www.english.com.tw/modules/newbb ... SC&start=0
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Re: [提問]兩個主詞補語同時出現有可能嗎?

台灣英語網1.0 » 週四 8月 20, 2015 1:44 am

Thanks for the info, learnang.
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Re: [提問]兩個主詞補語同時出現有可能嗎?

台灣英語網1.0 » 週四 8月 20, 2015 1:45 am

找了幾天的文法,沒能找到『雙』主詞補語的釋例說明。
所以先將個人看法說明於下,也歡迎大家不吝指正~~~

在例句They are both in bed with flu.中:
1、介系詞片語in bed ---表地點之副詞,當主詞補語。
2、介系詞片語with flu是主詞補語或是修飾語(表原因之副詞)? 我是將with flu當修飾語(表原因之副詞),修飾They were both in bed。

<副詞>主要修飾<動詞>、<形容詞>、或其他<副詞>,<副詞>也可以修飾<片語>、<子句>、或<句子>。

介系詞片語,擺在句中不同的位置,可能會有不同的功能。例如:
1. The birds in the trees are singing. 介系詞片語『in the trees』在名詞之後,當形容詞用。
2. The birds are singing in the trees. 介系詞片語『in the trees』在動詞(現在分詞)之後,當副詞用。
且可依『逐字』或『片語』等展開不同層面,各自再細部探討其文法功能,例如:
(1) 介系詞片語in the trees,由介系詞in + 受詞the trees組成,修飾動詞(現在分詞)sing(singing),現在分詞singing ---主詞補語。
(2) 介系詞片語in the trees修飾The birds are singing。
(3) 分詞片語singing in the trees --- 主詞補語。
(4) ……

補充例句:I was with my parents in my house.
介系詞片語with my parents --- 主詞補語。
介系詞片語in my house --- 地方副詞,修飾I was with my parents。

補充例句:I was in my house.
介系詞片語in my house --- 主詞補語。

補充例句:I was at home with my parents.
介系詞片語at home --- 主詞補語。
介系詞片語with my parents,表示circumstance的副詞,修飾I was at home。
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