watching television 與 television watching 用法區別

watching television 與 television watching 用法區別

台灣英語網1.0 » 週四 8月 20, 2015 1:49 am

watching television 與 television watching 如果都當名詞用,使用時機有何不同?
例如:Another bad effect of ______ is that kids may be over-exposed to violence.
(A) television watching (B) watching television

該用哪一個呢?
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Re: watching television 與 television watching 用法區別

台灣英語網1.0 » 週四 8月 20, 2015 1:49 am

這有些像中文的"看電視"和"電視觀看":

看電視的另一個對幼童不好的影響是....
電視觀看的另一個對幼童不好的影響是....

第二句沒錯,但是整句比較不是大家常用的習慣表達法。
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Re: watching television 與 television watching 用法區別

台灣英語網1.0 » 週四 8月 20, 2015 1:49 am

多謝解答。但我總是認為 watching television 和 television watching 可能強調的重點不同,而有不同的使用時機。watching televion 是個動名詞片語,還帶有動詞的性質,而television watching 比較接近一般的名詞,可能純粹在指一種「娛樂」。有人能朝這個方向去分析嗎?
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Re: watching television 與 television watching 用法區別

台灣英語網1.0 » 週四 8月 20, 2015 1:50 am

一個美國朋友的回答
There is no difference in meaning at all. To be technically correct, (A) should be hyphenated, "television-watching"; but the fact is that hyphenation is dying out. I think (B) would be the more frequently encountered.

This is but one example of a frequently-encountered pattern. We could speak of "gold-mining" or of "mining gold"; of "piano-playing" or "playing (the) piano"; of "junk-food-eating" or "eating junk food"; the meanings would be the same.

I think that in most instances the form with the gerund and an object (form B) is going to be more frequently heard than the form with the attributive noun prefixing the gerund, but even that is not always true. We only say "star-gazing"; almost never "gazing at the stars". But those choices are just conventions of speech; the meanings of both forms are always the same.
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Re: watching television 與 television watching 用法區別

台灣英語網1.0 » 週四 8月 20, 2015 1:50 am

就像English teaching和teaching English一樣
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