[請教]如何正確使用carry on 和carry out而不會弄錯?

[請教]如何正確使用carry on 和carry out而不會弄錯?

台灣英語網1.0 » 週六 8月 22, 2015 5:00 pm

這兩個動詞片語中文意思差不多,有沒有方法可以正確分辨,而不會用錯?
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Re: [請教]如何正確使用carry on 和carry out而不會弄錯?

台灣英語網1.0 » 週六 8月 22, 2015 5:00 pm

在中國大陸的 英語學習網站上查到下列資料,感覺不完整,有人能幫我補充嗎?如果用中文來解釋,我覺得兩句的carry on/carry out互換也解釋得通。

carry out; carry on
◇ 注意兩者的區別:carry out 意為“執行;實行”;carry on 表示“(繼續)進行;進行下去”,強調堅持。如:
The group of soldiers carried out a secret military action the other day.
幾天前,這群士兵執行了一次秘密的軍事行動。
Comrades in Germany were carrying on a heroic fight against war under conditions of fascism at that time.
那時,在德國的同志正在法西斯的統治區進行一場英勇的反戰鬥爭。
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Re: [請教]如何正確使用carry on 和carry out而不會弄錯?

台灣英語網1.0 » 週六 8月 22, 2015 5:00 pm

Below are explanations and example sentences from Longman Dictionary. Read them attentively and meanwhile try to leave your original Chinese meanings aside. I believe it won't be difficult to tell the differences between the two phrasal verbs.

carry on (phrasal verb)

1. (especially British English) to continue doing something:
*Sorry, I interrupted you. Please carry on.
*You'll have an accident if you carry on driving like that.
*I want to carry on with my course.

2. to continue moving:
*He stopped and looked back, then carried on down the stairs.
*Carry straight on until you get to the traffic lights.

3. carry on something: if you carry on a particular kind of work or activity, you do it or take part in it:
*Mr Dean carried on his baking business until he retired.
*It was so noisy it was hard to carry on a conversation.

4. (spoken) to talk in an annoying way
*I wish everyone would stop carrying on about it.

5 (old-fashioned) to have a sexual relationship with someone, when you should not:
*Lucy confessed to carrying on behind her husband's back.
*She was carrying on with a neighbour.


carry something out (phrasal verb)

1. to do something that needs to be organized and planned:
*We need to carry out more research.
*A survey is now being carried out nationwide.
*Turn off the water supply before carrying out repairs.

2. to do something that you have said you will do or that someone has asked you to do:
*Nicholson didn't carry out his threat to take legal action.
*We carried out her instructions precisely.
*Will the government carry out its promise to reform the law?
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Re: [請教]如何正確使用carry on 和carry out而不會弄錯?

台灣英語網1.0 » 週六 8月 22, 2015 5:00 pm

Thank you, learnang.
The information you provided has cleared away much of my confusion. Longman Online provides more examples and more detailed explanations than my desktop dictionaries.
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