子句的種類及句型問題 - 文法教學區 - 英語討論區
子句的種類及句型問題 - 文法教學區 - 英語討論區
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Re: 子句的種類及句型問題
Just popping in
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引文:

shiuhansen 寫道:
Dear Wayne,

例句二 I'm pleased that he gave me a big birthday gift.
之that子句可視為 [副詞子句] 修飾 pleased
如同以下之例句2 所示 <>
希望對您有所助益~~~

1. (引導名詞子句)
He expressed the hope that we would keep in touch with his firm.
他表示希望我們與他的公司保持聯繫。
My idea is that we should act on his suggestion.
我的意見是我們應當按照他的建議去辦。
That she is still alive is a relief.
她還活著,這是令人感到寬慰的。
2. (引導副詞子句,表示原因或理由)因為,由於
We are glad that we have accomplished another arduous task.
我們都感到高興因為又完成了一項艱鉅的任務。


1. 謝謝您的說明;這些我都理解。只是,我想知道的是 基本句型為何。
例如
1-1 S + V + O (that名詞子句為 O 的同位語)
1-2 S + V + C (that名詞子句為 C)
1-3 S + V + C (that名詞子句為 S)
2. 我前面提到that he gave...子句可能是副詞子句,如今有您提出Dr.Eye的背書應該無誤了。
謝謝您提醒我「實際上的句型分類可能要多出許多」,讓我想起A.S. Horby的A Guide to Patterns and Usage in English裡面將動詞句型分為25種且其中某些句型還有不同變化。我的結論是:我錯把把” I'm pleased that he gave me a big birthday gift.”當作簡單句了。臉紅\\o//。 ...
3. 再度感謝!

2006/05/25 09:39

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Re: 子句的種類及句型問題
Home away from home
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2005/11/19 16:13
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引文:

shiuhansen 寫道:
2. (引導副詞子句,表示原因或理由)因為,由於
We are glad that we have accomplished another arduous task.
我們都感到高興因為又完成了一項艱鉅的任務。

Thanks, Hansen.

This has long been a question in my mind. I've always wondered what part of speech it is in the world. Being a nagging dad, when I teach my daughter English, I would tell her repeatedly "this is a noun clause, that is an adverbial clause, blah, blah, blah," But I still remember, long time ago, when I began to explain the part of speech of "that clause" in the sentence like "I am glad that + a clause", my tongue simply stopped working because I didn't know what to say right after a couple of words said out. It was a little embarrassing and I had no choice but to say something like "What is more important is to memorize and use this sentence pattern fluently, whatever the part of speech is."

I also once thought it reasonable to regard it as an adverbial clause, but I didn't know if it's right because I never saw anyone express "that clause" could be an adverbial clause. And I also made another presumption that there may originally exist a preposition "about" just after the word "glad", that is, it is a noun clause. Anyway, thanks to Hansen's explanation, I know the answer now.

However, I wanna say again "What is more important is to memorize and use this sentence pattern fluently, whatever the part of speech is, especially when the answer is not readily available,"

2006/05/25 11:08

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Re: 子句的種類及句型問題
Just can't stay away
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2006/05/03 12:12
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Ruke, 此種that的用法與關代無關, 而是「從屬連接詞」的基本文法課程, 很驚訝它會困擾您許久.

連接詞分對等連接詞與從屬連接詞二種, 您只要要用二者之一作搜尋, 可得到一堆文法課程網頁對它們作詳盡的說明.

2006/05/27 23:54

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Re: 子句的種類及句型問題
Home away from home
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2005/11/19 16:13
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引文:
Ruke, 此種that的用法與關代無關, 而是「從屬連接詞」的基本文法課程, 很驚訝它會困擾您許久.
連接詞分對等連接詞與從屬連接詞二種, 您只要要用二者之一作搜尋, 可得到一堆文法課程網頁對它們作詳盡的說明.


Menquart:
跟WayneCohee一樣,我當然知道它是從屬連接詞,只是不確定在功能上,它到底是屬於副詞子句還是名詞子句?我找過我的文法書,但他並沒有特別註明它的詞性功能。也許我應該如你所言,用功點在網路搜尋做功課,不過我本來就不是很用功的學生啦。其實這樣也不錯,反而符合Peter的主張。

2006/05/28 19:18

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Re: 子句的種類及句型問題
Home away from home
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2004/11/18 02:21
來自 MA, USA
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頭疼啊頭疼~~~
:p

2006/05/28 23:05
_________________
--I make mistakes too.
My blog: dunchee.blogspot.com

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Re: 子句的種類及句型問題
Just can't stay away
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2006/05/03 12:12
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引文:

ruke0128 寫道:
Menquart:
跟WayneCohee一樣,我當然知道它是從屬連接詞,只是不確定在功能上,它到底是屬於副詞子句還是名詞子句?我找過我的文法書,但他並沒有特別註明它的詞性功能。也許我應該如你所言,用功點在網路搜尋做功課,不過我本來就不是很用功的學生啦。其實這樣也不錯,反而符合Peter的主張。


Ruke, 您別客氣啦, 在我的長久觀察中, 您是此網站上少數幾位非常用功的人之一.

要鑑別一個子句是副詞子句還是名詞子句, 很簡單.
- 名詞子句只有兩種情況, 就是整個子句直接當主詞或當受詞用, 除此以外都不是名詞子句.
- 所有表時間、地點、原因、結果、讓步、程度、條件...等的子句都是副詞子句. I'm happy that... 、We are impressed that...、He runs so fast that... 等等, that子句全都是副詞子句.

從屬連接詞引導的子句涵蓋名詞子句、副詞子句、形容詞子句三者, 其中形容詞子句, 是從屬連接詞中唯一與關代、關副有關的用法.

提供參考.

2006/05/29 15:47

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Re: 子句的種類及句型問題
Just popping in
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2006/05/22 13:59
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引文:

Menquart 寫道:
要鑑別一個子句是副詞子句還是名詞子句, 很簡單.
- 名詞子句只有兩種情況, 就是整個子句直接當主詞或當受詞用, 除此以外都不是名詞子句.


There is a third case. E.g.

The question is when he did it. [Longman English Grammar -- L.G. Alexander]

There you have a noun clause that serves as neither a subject nor an object but a complement.

2006/05/29 16:46

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Re: 子句的種類及句型問題
Just can't stay away
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2006/05/03 12:12
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WayneCohee 寫道:
There is a third case. E.g.

The question is when he did it. [Longman English Grammar -- L.G. Alexander]

There you have a noun clause that serves as neither a subject nor an object but a complement.


Any complement following a linking verb (incl. beV) modifies the subject. Therefore, I would rather treat this complement clause as an adjective clause, modifying the subject The question.

Alternatively, the sentence can be re-written as:
When he did it is the question.
This way, the clause is undoubtedly a noun clause.

2006/05/29 18:28

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Re: 子句的種類及句型問題
Just popping in
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引文:

Menquart 寫道:

Any complement following a linking verb (incl. beV) modifies the subject. Therefore, I would rather treat this complement clause as an adjective clause, modifying the subject The question.


It's true that a complement modifies the subject of a sentence, but an adjective clause is usually used to modify the noun that goes before the clause. If you treat the clause as an adjective clause, it must have an antecedent.

2006/05/29 22:51

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Re: 子句的種類及句型問題
Just can't stay away
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引文:

WayneCohee 寫道:
It's true that a complement modifies the subject of a sentence, but an adjective clause is usually used to modify the noun that goes before the clause. If you treat the clause as an adjective clause, it must have an antecedent.


In this case the subject can serve as an antecedent.

e.g.
The exact moment was when he stepped out of the court.
If you transform the sentence to an indirect mode:
We'd like to draw your attention to the exact moment when he stepped out of the court.
you can see that time is the antecedent, and the clause is an adjective/adverbial one.

2006/05/29 23:35

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