幾個困擾的時態題目 - 文法教學區 - 英語討論區
幾個困擾的時態題目 - 文法教學區 - 英語討論區
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幾個困擾的時態題目
Home away from home
註冊日期:
2007/10/09 04:57
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1. ______ swimming now?
(A) Are they still going (B) Do they still go (C) Will they still go
2. Why ______, Andrew? Was there something funny?
(A) did you smile (B) are you smiling (C) were you smiling
3. The dog bit Helen on the leg when she ______ it.
(A) caught (B) was catching (C) was trying to catch
4. We ______ to go to Taiwan for a vacation, but now we find we do not have enough money.
(A) have intended (B) are intending (C) have been intending
5. We ______ dinner in half an hour.
(A) will have (B) are having (C) will be having
6. I ______ until they have returned.
(A) am not leaving (B) will not leave (C) will not be leaving

感覺有些題目有幾個答案。

2008/09/03 01:28

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Re: 幾個困擾的時態題目
Home away from home
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2008/05/19 18:59
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Are they all supposed to have only one "correct" answer?

Q5 & Q6, if there is a sentence before or after the question, it will help you determine which is answer correct. But I would say there are multiple correct choices to Q5 & Q6.

1. ______ swimming now?
(A) Are they still going

2. Why ______, Andrew? Was there something funny?
(A) did you smile; C) were you smiling

3. The dog bit Helen on the leg when she ______ it.
(A) caught

4. We ______ to go to Taiwan for a vacation, but now we find we do not have enough money.
(A) have intended

5. We ______ dinner in half an hour.
(A) will have (B) are having (C) will be having

6. I ______ until they have returned.
(A) am not leaving (B) will not leave (C) will not be leaving

2008/09/03 03:04

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Re: 幾個困擾的時態題目
Home away from home
註冊日期:
2007/10/09 04:57
來自 Kaohsiung, Taiwan
所屬群組:
註冊會員
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Thank you, tluroc 76.
Could you explain the difference between the choices, especially in Q5 and Q6?

2008/09/03 03:42

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Re: 幾個困擾的時態題目
Home away from home
註冊日期:
2007/10/09 04:57
來自 Kaohsiung, Taiwan
所屬群組:
註冊會員
文章: 566
等級: 21; EXP: 86
HP : 0 / 521
MP : 188 / 18461
離線
1. ______ swimming now?
(A) Are they still going (B) Do they still go (C) Will they still go
這題美國朋友的答覆很有意思,給大家參考:
I think each answer is possible, although each produces a somewhat different meaning.
I think (B) is the most likely. It simply asks whether they are continuing to do something which we know that they have done in the past.
(C) would imply that something has changed or occurred--maybe the pool near their home has closed and the nearest alternative is miles away, or maybe their favorite coach has left the swimming club, or maybe contamination has been discovered in the pool's water--which may affect their ability or desire to continue to go swimming.
(A) could mean the same as (B) (and would be entirely possible, though not I think as likely as (B), if "going"
were omitted). However, with "going" it most likely would be asked if something might have affected their desire or ability to go swimming on a one-time basis; maybe they had plans to meet their cousins at the pool to swim, but there is a forecast of thunderstorms with lightning, and the questioner wonders whether, in the light of that new development, they have changed their plans.

2008/09/04 03:19

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Re: 幾個困擾的時態題目
Home away from home
註冊日期:
2007/10/09 04:57
來自 Kaohsiung, Taiwan
所屬群組:
註冊會員
文章: 566
等級: 21; EXP: 86
HP : 0 / 521
MP : 188 / 18461
離線
美國朋友對其他題目的答覆:

2. Why ______, Andrew? Was there something funny?
(A) did you smile (B) are you smiling (C) were you smiling

Every one of these is easily possible, with, of course, different meanings as to time and aspect.
The only reason I mention aspect is to distinguish (a) and (c). You clearly understand what I'm talking about even if the word is buried deep in the past, for both "did smile" (interrogative simple past) and "were smiling" (past progressive) are in the past tense but the focus of "did smile" is on the fact that Andrew has stopped smiling some time in the past, while the focus of "were smiling" is on the fact that he smiled for a period of time that began before and continued until after we picture him in the past. He kept smiling; it was continuous in aspect.


3. The dog bit Helen on the leg when she ______ it.
(A) caught (B) was catching (C) was trying to catch
Again, any of these could be correct. The most automatic choice is (a): Helen catches the dog and then the dog bites her. But (b) says that while Helen is in the process of catching the dog, but before she has completed that act, the dog bites her. And while both (a) and (b) say that Helen was successful in catching the dog, in (c) the dog bites Helen while she is in the process of catching the dog, as in (b), but we don't know whether she ever succeeded in catching it (she probably did not).

I don't think "when" is wrong, at least not in contemporary spoken English, but I would rather more expect "while" with (b) and (c). "When" tends to refer more to a point in time, whereas "while" can refer to a period of time during which something else is happening. I think the reason "when" might be used is that the bite takes place at a point in time, even though the catching is a continuous action in progress. On the other hand, it may just be that the distinction between "when" and "while" is dying out.


4. We ______ to go to Taiwan for a vacation, but now we find we do not have enough money.
(A) have intended (B) are intending (C) have been intending
Here (c) seems the most natural to me. (b) could mean that the desire to go to Taiwan is still alive, but we do not have enough money to do it at this time; however, in that case "now" would almost certainly come at the end of the sentence, following "money", or else between "not" and "have".
(a) would be unquestionably correct with "had" instead of "have"; but I think it could be said with the same meaning as (c). There might be a slight difference in focus: with (a), although the intention might have persisted for any length of time the emphasis is on the fact that it is over (though it remains relevant in the present); with (c) the emphasis is on the fact that the intention persisted for some period of time.



5. We ______ dinner in half an hour.
(A) will have (B) are having (C) will be having
All three of these are perfectly good English sentences with virtually no difference in meaning or even in focus or emphasis, as far as I can tell. Just
three different ways of referring to the future in English.



6. I ______ until they have returned.
(A) am not leaving (B) will not leave (C) will not be leaving
Just as with 5, all three choices are perfectly good English with virtually no difference in meaning. (a) and (b) could be used to express a fixed intent in the mind of the speaker, a determination, but they also (especially (a)) could refer to a simple fact; (c) can only refer to a simple fact.

2008/09/04 06:38

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Re: 幾個困擾的時態題目
Home away from home
註冊日期:
2007/10/09 04:57
來自 Kaohsiung, Taiwan
所屬群組:
註冊會員
文章: 566
等級: 21; EXP: 86
HP : 0 / 521
MP : 188 / 18461
離線
美國朋友對這幾個題目的答覆,有點讓台灣的文法教學者跌破眼鏡。當然這位朋友的看法有人不見得贊同,但是我覺得台灣的文法教學太「制式化」,有很多還停留在「柯旗化新英文法」的年代,台灣的文法教學或許有必要好好檢討一下。

2008/09/04 06:44

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Re: 幾個困擾的時態題目
Home away from home
註冊日期:
2007/10/09 04:57
來自 Kaohsiung, Taiwan
所屬群組:
註冊會員
文章: 566
等級: 21; EXP: 86
HP : 0 / 521
MP : 188 / 18461
離線
美國朋友對這幾個題目的答覆,有點讓台灣的文法教學者跌破眼鏡。當然這位朋友的看法有人不見得贊同,但是我覺得台灣的文法教學太「制式化」,有很多還停留在「柯旗化新英文法」的年代,台灣的文法教學或許有必要好好檢討一下。

2008/09/04 06:44

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Re: 幾個困擾的時態題目
Home away from home
註冊日期:
2008/02/03 20:29
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你那幾題是那裡來的?
看起來像是仿 脫服考試...

2008/09/04 06:49
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Re: 幾個困擾的時態題目
Home away from home
註冊日期:
2007/10/09 04:57
來自 Kaohsiung, Taiwan
所屬群組:
註冊會員
文章: 566
等級: 21; EXP: 86
HP : 0 / 521
MP : 188 / 18461
離線
Essential English Practice (Highway Educational Press Ltd.)

2008/09/04 06:56

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Re: 幾個困擾的時態題目
Home away from home
註冊日期:
2007/10/09 04:57
來自 Kaohsiung, Taiwan
所屬群組:
註冊會員
文章: 566
等級: 21; EXP: 86
HP : 0 / 521
MP : 188 / 18461
離線



台灣的文法參考書對於時態的分類和說明,似乎「失之過簡」。中國大陸的文法學者就有比較深入和詳細的論述,請參照薄冰先生所寫的「薄冰英語語法」(開明出版社,ISBN 7801331818)。

2008/09/04 10:01

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