Essential English table etiquette/重要的英文餐桌禮儀
Essential English table etiquette/重要的英文餐桌禮儀 (中英對照 精華文章)
在國外用餐不只是看懂菜單！好的餐桌禮儀是怎麼說和如何做。確認你不至於egg on your face (看起來愚蠢)，來看看這些實用的用餐忠告。
Saying Grace 是宗教習俗一些家庭習慣在用餐前，跟食物說謝謝。剛開始，在用餐前你應點頭表示你的敬意然後等最後一個祈禱者祈禱完。家族裡的其中一個人會say Grace，之後每一個人會一起說'Amen'。
用餐期間，如果你需要離開餐桌到洗手間，簡單的說"Please excuse me for a moment."當你回答電話的時候也是如此。當你把手機設定成靜音模式比關機更有禮貌。
potluck dinner 是一種家常飯，每一位客人會帶一道菜或是飲料來分享。所要表達的'to take potluck'意思藉這個機會或接受的任何東西都是很有意義，而且是什麼食物也是很有趣的。因為沒有一個人在事前知道他們會吃什麼！是個好機會能從家裡面準備一道特別的菜。
Slurping (吃飯時你的嘴發出聲音)是某一些事情你必須避免在所有場合！尤其特別注意不要slurp 當你在喝湯或是吃麵的時候！
在說英文的國家，cutlery 指knives，forks和spoons (用餐的器具)。每一個人每次對於使用器具都非常的困惑。基本原則是從外開始向內(朝向你的盤子)。
即使你已經吃很多，主人還是會試著鼓勵你吃很多。如果你已經吃飽了，說"Thank you, but I really couldn't eat another bite"或是"I'm stuffed!"，這是一種非正式的方式說'很飽'。
藉由'closing' your knife and fork表示你已經吃完，(把他們放在盤子上)。你可以說"What a delicious meal! Thank you so much."
橫跨餐桌是非常粗魯的。如果你需要不在你身旁的鹽或是想要一個盤子，你可以說"Please pass the ...".
Eating in a foreign country is not just about understanding the menu! Good table etiquette means knowing both what to say and how to behave. To make sure you don't end up with egg on your face (looking foolish), check out these useful dinner table tips.
Saying Grace is a religious custom some families practice before they eat, to give thanks for the food. If this happens, you should bow your head to show respect, and wait until the end of the prayer before starting to eat. One person from the family will say Grace, after which everyone will say 'Amen' together.
During the meal, if you need to leave the table to go to the bathroom, simply say "Please excuse me for a moment." You should also do this if you need to answer a phone call. While you can leave your cell phone on silent mode, it is more polite to turn it off.
A potluck dinner is a casual meal where each guest will bring a dish or a beverage to share. The expression 'to take potluck' means to take a chance or to accept whatever is available, and the meal is always interesting because no one knows what they will be eating in advance! This is a good time to make a special dish from back home.
Slurping (making a 'slurp' sound with your mouth) is something you should avoid at all costs! Be especially careful not to slurp when you are having soup or noodles!
In an English-speaking country, cutlery refers to knives, forks and spoons (eating utensils). Everyone gets confused from time to time about which utensil to use. The basic rule is to start from the outside and work inwards (towards your plate).
Even if you have eaten a lot, your host will often try to encourage you to eat more. If you've really had enough, say "Thank you, but I really couldn't eat another bite" or "I'm stuffed!", which is an informal way of saying 'very full'.
Indicate you have finished eating by 'closing' your knife and fork, (putting them together on your plate). You can say "What a delicious meal! Thank you so much." to show your appreciation. Wait for everyone to finish before leaving the table.
It is considered rude to reach across the table. If you need the salt, or would like a dish that is not in your immediate area, you can say "Please pass the ...".
Finally, don't worry about every little detail. Nowadays, etiquette is more about displaying graciousness and poise. And when in doubt, just look to your neighbor for clues!