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The Top 10 Confusing English Words/前十個容易混淆英文單字

The Top 10 Confusing English Words/前十個容易混淆英文單字 (中英對照 精華文章)




你應該
accept

except
邀請呢?你是在餐後吃
dessert

desert
呢?英文充滿了許多容易混淆的單字。來這裡看看這些排行榜並將單字使用在正確的情況上吧!


dessert & desert


Dessert
的意思是甜點;
the desert
的意思是高溫、乾燥及充滿沙土。


accept & except


accept
的意思是接受或同意某事物。
except
的意思是除...以外。

there & their

前者為地方副詞而後者為代名詞。例如: 「Their house is over there.」

principle & principal


Principles
的意思是信念、觀念或基本原理;而
principal
的意思是一所學校前面或主要事情。

advice & advise

前者為名詞而後者為動詞。所以你可以這樣說:「advise someone by giving them good advice.」

borrow & lend


To borrow
的意思是在借與的情況下收取某東西;而
to lend
的意思是在借與的情況下給予某東西。

despite & although

雖然意思相近但是用法上確不相同。
Despite
為介系詞;而
although
為連接詞。例如:「He won the race despite his injury. He won the race although he had an injury.」

affect & effect

前者為動詞而後者為名詞。例如:「The effect of the war is enormous; it has affected all sectors of the economy.」

personal & personnel

你的
personal
詳細資料包括你的名字、年齡及國家;而
personnel
的意思為一家公司的人員。

assure & ensure


To assure
某人欲使排除疑惑或使某人安心;而
ensure
意指確定某事發生。例如:「I assured him that you would be there, so please ensure that you get to the meeting on time.」





Should you accept an invitation or except one? Do you eat dessert or desert after your meal? English is full of confusing words. Here are some tips on using the right word at the right time!


dessert and desert

Dessert is a sweet dish, while the desert is hot, dry and full of sand.


accept and except

To accept means to receive or agree to something, while except means excluding.

there and their

The former is an adverb of place while the latter is a possessive pronoun e.g. Their house is over there.

principle and principal

Principles are beliefs, values or basic truths, while principal means the head of a school, or the main thing.

advice and advise

The former is a noun while the latter is a verb, so you can advise someone by giving them good advice.

borrow and lend

To borrow means to receive something as a loan, while to lend means to give something as a loan. E.g. Can I borrow your car? Sorry, I can't lend it to you today.

despite and although

These have a similar meaning but are used differently. Despite is a preposition while although is a conjunction. E.g. He won the race despite his injury. He won the race although he had an injury.

affect and effect

The former is a verb while the latter is a noun, e.g. The effect of the war is enormous; it has affected all sectors of the economy.

personal and personnel

Your personal details include your name, age and nationality, while personnel means the employees of a company.

assure and ensure

To assure someone means to remove doubt or reassure them, while ensure means to make certain that something happens. E.g. I assured him that you would be there, so please ensure that you get to the meeting on time.




Source: http://www.englishtown.com.tw/sp/teacher.aspx?articleName=170-confusingwords



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